Welcome!

@BigDataExpo Authors: Yeshim Deniz, Liz McMillan, William Schmarzo, Carl J. Levine, Elizabeth White

Related Topics: @BigDataExpo, Java IoT, Linux Containers, Containers Expo Blog, @CloudExpo, Cloud Security

@BigDataExpo: Article

Protecting Data in the Cloud

Today’s cloud-driven, always-connected world enables organizations to be very agile but is also putting data integrity at risk

The cloud plays an integral role in enabling the agility required to take advantage of new business models and to do so in a very convenient and cost-effective way. However, this also means that more personal information and business data will exist in the cloud and be passed back and forth. Maintaining data integrity is paramount.

Today's approach to security in the cloud may not be sufficient; it doesn't focus on putting controls close to data, which is now more fluid, and it doesn't discriminate one set of data from another. All data is not created equal and should not be treated in the same manner; a one-size fits all model doesn't work.

In this always-connected world, protection measures in the cloud need to focus on what really matters - the type of data, how it is used, and where it goes.

Data Classification
In order to adequately protect data in the cloud, organizations need to start considering how to classify data. One approach is to use a three-tier data protection model to cater to data of different sensitivities and relevance across industries. This model would include:

Tier 1, Regulated: Data subject to regulation, or data that carries with it proprietary, ethical, or privacy considerations such as personally identifiable information (PII). Unauthorized disclosure of regulated data may have serious adverse effects on an organization's reputation, resources, services, or individuals and requires the most stringent level of control.

Tier 2, Commercial: Industry-related, ecommerce or transactional and intellectual property data whose unauthorized disclosure may have moderately adverse effects on an organization's reputation, resources, services, or individuals. Commercial data requires a moderate level of security.

Tier 3, Collaborative: Collaborative and DevOps-type data that typically is publicly accessible, requires minimal security controls and poses little or no risk to the consuming organization's reputation, resources, or services.

Using this model, security teams can strategically partner with business users to understand requirements and determine the right approach for their organization. Small to mid-sized organizations, enterprises, and service providers can apply this model to begin classifying their data based on contextual attributes such as how the data will be accessed, stored, and transmitted. Once the data is classified, they can then apply appropriate data protection measures focused on protecting work streams and transactions that continue to evolve to enable business agility. Given that most of today's data breaches are a result of user-access issues, security considerations such as Identity and Access Management, Authorization, and Authentication are critical.

The Data Integrity Challenge
Understanding and classifying data is just a first step, albeit an important one. Organizations also need to determine how to ensure data integrity when the perimeter is amorphous and control of the endpoints and the data is diminished mobility and cloud services.

Business departments are increasingly encouraged to find efficient and innovative ways to generate new business. This requires identifying new applications and ways to support the business anywhere and anytime. Business users often make the decision to use the cloud before involving IT since they can get up and running in a fraction of the time and cost it would take to provision in house.

With this unprecedented change in operations and infrastructure comes an unprecedented need for ensuring data integrity - ultimately working through the life cycle of data that can, at any point, be within the confines of a company, out to a network of partners and suppliers, or floating in a cloud. The challenge in this fractured landscape is that the perimeter is amorphous, but legacy security solutions are not; designed for a time when there was a more well-defined perimeter. The result is that attackers now use various techniques to bypass traditional perimeter-based defenses and compromise data - be it through tampering, stealing, or leaking data. Point-in-time defenses are no longer sufficient.

To effectively protect data wherever it may be, defenses must go beyond simply blocking and detection to including capabilities such as data correlation, continuous data analysis, and retrospective action when data has been found to have been corrupted, tampered with, or exfiltrated.

A New Approach to Applying Controls
In order to protect the classes of data described earlier - regulated, commercial, and collaborative - security teams need a mix of policy, process, and technology controls. These controls should be applied based on user and location context and according to a security model that is open, integrated, continuous, and pervasive:

  • Open to provide access to global intelligence and context to detect and remediate breaches and to support new standards for data protection.
  • Integrated solutions that enable policy to be automated and minimize manual processes can close gaps in security and support centralized management and control according to data classifications.
  • Both point-in-time solutions as well as continuous capabilities are needed to identify new threats to data.
  • Pervasive security delivers protection across the full attack continuum - before, during, and after an attack.

Let's take a closer look at the advantages of applying controls to protect data based on this model.

Openness provides:

  • The opportunity to participate in an open community of users and standards bodies to ensure consistent data classification and standards of policy and process.
  • Easy integration with other layers of security defenses to continue to uphold data protection best practices as IT environments and business requirements change.
  • The ability to access to global intelligence with the right context to identify new threats and take immediate action.

Integrated enables:

  • Technology controls that map to data tiers and also track data through different usage contexts and locations to support the fundamental first step of data classification.
  • Identity and access controls, authorization, and authentication that work in unison to map data protection to data classifications.
  • Encryption controls applied based on deemed data sensitivity to further strengthen protection, including strong encryption key standards (minimum AES256) and encryption keys retained by data owners.
  • Security solutions and technologies that seamlessly work together to protect data across its entire lifecycle.
  • Centralized policy management, monitoring, and distributed policy enforcement to ensure compliance with regulatory and corporate policies.

Continuous supports:

  • Technologies and services to constantly aggregate and correlate data from across the connected environment with historical patterns and global attack intelligence to maintain real-time contextual information, track data movement, and detect data exfiltration.
  • The ability to leverage insights into emerging new threats, take action (automatically or manually) to stop these threats, and use that intelligence to protect against future data breaches.

Pervasive translates into:

  • Defenses (including technologies and best practices) that address the full attack continuum - before, during, and after an attack. Before an attack, total, actionable visibility is required to see who is accessing what data from where and how, and to correlate that information against emerging threat vectors. During an attack, continuous visibility and control to analyze and take action in real time to protect data is necessary. After an attack, the key is to mitigate the damage, remediate, quickly recover, and prevent similar, future data breaches, data tampering, or data corruption activities.
  • The ability to address all attack vectors - including network, endpoints, virtual, the cloud, email and Web - to mitigate risk associated with various communications channels that could be used by an attacker to compromise data.

Today's cloud-driven, always-connected world is enabling organizations to be very agile but it is also putting data integrity at risk. IT teams need to quickly adapt to this new way of doing business despite having less control of the endpoints and the data. Traditional data protection models fail due to their inability to discriminate one set of data from another. By putting in place protection measures based on the type of data, how it is used, and where it goes, and backed by a security model that is open, integrated, continuous, and pervasive, organizations can take advantage of new business opportunities the cloud affords without sacrificing data integrity.

More Stories By Raja Patel

Raja Patel is a Senior Director, Cloud Security Product Management, at Cisco, where he is responsible for the portfolio strategy and development of security solutions for Cisco's Security Business. His responsibilities include building solutions and managing operations associated with Cloud, Threat Intelligence, Web and Email Security. Raja has been at Cisco for 13 years and during this tenure he has product managed a broad portfolio of products within Cisco’s Enterprise Networking Business Group, developed and accelerated new consumption & business models such as Enterprise Licensing, and lead strategic initiatives to develop more agile business practices across Cisco.

Mr. Patel holds a BS in Aerospace Engineering with a Minor in Mathematics from Embry Riddle Aeronautical University, and an MBA in Global Business Management.

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


@BigDataExpo Stories
My team embarked on building a data lake for our sales and marketing data to better understand customer journeys. This required building a hybrid data pipeline to connect our cloud CRM with the new Hadoop Data Lake. One challenge is that IT was not in a position to provide support until we proved value and marketing did not have the experience, so we embarked on the journey ourselves within the product marketing team for our line of business within Progress. In his session at @BigDataExpo, Sum...
Apache Hadoop is emerging as a distributed platform for handling large and fast incoming streams of data. Predictive maintenance, supply chain optimization, and Internet-of-Things analysis are examples where Hadoop provides the scalable storage, processing, and analytics platform to gain meaningful insights from granular data that is typically only valuable from a large-scale, aggregate view. One architecture useful for capturing and analyzing streaming data is the Lambda Architecture, represent...
As organizations realize the scope of the Internet of Things, gaining key insights from Big Data, through the use of advanced analytics, becomes crucial. However, IoT also creates the need for petabyte scale storage of data from millions of devices. A new type of Storage is required which seamlessly integrates robust data analytics with massive scale. These storage systems will act as “smart systems” provide in-place analytics that speed discovery and enable businesses to quickly derive meaningf...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Ocean9will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Ocean9 provides cloud services for Backup, Disaster Recovery (DRaaS) and instant Innovation, and redefines enterprise infrastructure with its cloud native subscription offerings for mission critical SAP workloads.
The taxi industry never saw Uber coming. Startups are a threat to incumbents like never before, and a major enabler for startups is that they are instantly “cloud ready.” If innovation moves at the pace of IT, then your company is in trouble. Why? Because your data center will not keep up with frenetic pace AWS, Microsoft and Google are rolling out new capabilities In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Don Browning, VP of Cloud Architecture at Turner, will posit that disruption is inevitable for c...
SYS-CON Events announced today that SoftLayer, an IBM Company, has been named “Gold Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 18th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York, New York. SoftLayer, an IBM Company, provides cloud infrastructure as a service from a growing number of data centers and network points of presence around the world. SoftLayer’s customers range from Web startups to global enterprises.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Conference Guru has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 6–8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. A valuable conference experience generates new contacts, sales leads, potential strategic partners and potential investors; helps gather competitive intelligence and even provides inspiration for new products and services. Conference Guru works with conference organizers to pass great dea...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Technologic Systems Inc., an embedded systems solutions company, will exhibit at SYS-CON's @ThingsExpo, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Technologic Systems is an embedded systems company with headquarters in Fountain Hills, Arizona. They have been in business for 32 years, helping more than 8,000 OEM customers and building over a hundred COTS products that have never been discontinued. Technologic Systems’ pr...
SYS-CON Events announced today that CA Technologies has been named “Platinum Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and the 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place October 31-November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. CA Technologies helps customers succeed in a future where every business – from apparel to energy – is being rewritten by software. From ...
With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing Cloud strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @CloudExpo | @ThingsExpo, June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY and October 31 - November 2, 2017, Santa Clara Convention Center, CA. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is on the right path to Digital Transformation.
Deep learning has been very successful in social sciences and specially areas where there is a lot of data. Trading is another field that can be viewed as social science with a lot of data. With the advent of Deep Learning and Big Data technologies for efficient computation, we are finally able to use the same methods in investment management as we would in face recognition or in making chat-bots. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Gaurav Chakravorty, co-founder and Head of Strategy Development ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Loom Systems will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Founded in 2015, Loom Systems delivers an advanced AI solution to predict and prevent problems in the digital business. Loom stands alone in the industry as an AI analysis platform requiring no prior math knowledge from operators, leveraging the existing staff to succeed in the digital era. With offices in S...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Interoute, owner-operator of one of Europe's largest networks and a global cloud services platform, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017 at the Javits Center in New York, New York. Interoute is the owner-operator of one of Europe's largest networks and a global cloud services platform which encompasses 12 data centers, 14 virtual data centers and 31 colocation centers, with connections to 195 add...
SYS-CON Events announced today that T-Mobile will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. As America's Un-carrier, T-Mobile US, Inc., is redefining the way consumers and businesses buy wireless services through leading product and service innovation. The Company's advanced nationwide 4G LTE network delivers outstanding wireless experiences to 67.4 million customers who are unwilling to compromise on ...
In his session at @ThingsExpo, Eric Lachapelle, CEO of the Professional Evaluation and Certification Board (PECB), will provide an overview of various initiatives to certifiy the security of connected devices and future trends in ensuring public trust of IoT. Eric Lachapelle is the Chief Executive Officer of the Professional Evaluation and Certification Board (PECB), an international certification body. His role is to help companies and individuals to achieve professional, accredited and worldw...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Juniper Networks (NYSE: JNPR), an industry leader in automated, scalable and secure networks, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Juniper Networks challenges the status quo with products, solutions and services that transform the economics of networking. The company co-innovates with customers and partners to deliver automated, scalable and secure network...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Infranics will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Since 2000, Infranics has developed SysMaster Suite, which is required for the stable and efficient management of ICT infrastructure. The ICT management solution developed and provided by Infranics continues to add intelligence to the ICT infrastructure through the IMC (Infra Management Cycle) based on mathemat...
SYS-CON Events announced today that SD Times | BZ Media has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 6–8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. BZ Media LLC is a high-tech media company that produces technical conferences and expositions, and publishes a magazine, newsletters and websites in the software development, SharePoint, mobile development and commercial UAV markets.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Cloudistics, an on-premises cloud computing company, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Cloudistics delivers a complete public cloud experience with composable on-premises infrastructures to medium and large enterprises. Its software-defined technology natively converges network, storage, compute, virtualization, and management into a ...
Now that the world has connected “things,” we need to build these devices as truly intelligent in order to create instantaneous and precise results. This means you have to do as much of the processing at the point of entry as you can: at the edge. The killer use cases for IoT are becoming manifest through AI engines on edge devices. An autonomous car has this dual edge/cloud analytics model, producing precise, real-time results. In his session at @ThingsExpo, John Crupi, Vice President and Eng...