@DXWorldExpo Authors: Elizabeth White, Liz McMillan, Yeshim Deniz, Pat Romanski, Jason Bloomberg

Related Topics: @DXWorldExpo, Java IoT, Linux Containers, Containers Expo Blog, @CloudExpo, Cloud Security

@DXWorldExpo: Article

Protecting Data in the Cloud

Today’s cloud-driven, always-connected world enables organizations to be very agile but is also putting data integrity at risk

The cloud plays an integral role in enabling the agility required to take advantage of new business models and to do so in a very convenient and cost-effective way. However, this also means that more personal information and business data will exist in the cloud and be passed back and forth. Maintaining data integrity is paramount.

Today's approach to security in the cloud may not be sufficient; it doesn't focus on putting controls close to data, which is now more fluid, and it doesn't discriminate one set of data from another. All data is not created equal and should not be treated in the same manner; a one-size fits all model doesn't work.

In this always-connected world, protection measures in the cloud need to focus on what really matters - the type of data, how it is used, and where it goes.

Data Classification
In order to adequately protect data in the cloud, organizations need to start considering how to classify data. One approach is to use a three-tier data protection model to cater to data of different sensitivities and relevance across industries. This model would include:

Tier 1, Regulated: Data subject to regulation, or data that carries with it proprietary, ethical, or privacy considerations such as personally identifiable information (PII). Unauthorized disclosure of regulated data may have serious adverse effects on an organization's reputation, resources, services, or individuals and requires the most stringent level of control.

Tier 2, Commercial: Industry-related, ecommerce or transactional and intellectual property data whose unauthorized disclosure may have moderately adverse effects on an organization's reputation, resources, services, or individuals. Commercial data requires a moderate level of security.

Tier 3, Collaborative: Collaborative and DevOps-type data that typically is publicly accessible, requires minimal security controls and poses little or no risk to the consuming organization's reputation, resources, or services.

Using this model, security teams can strategically partner with business users to understand requirements and determine the right approach for their organization. Small to mid-sized organizations, enterprises, and service providers can apply this model to begin classifying their data based on contextual attributes such as how the data will be accessed, stored, and transmitted. Once the data is classified, they can then apply appropriate data protection measures focused on protecting work streams and transactions that continue to evolve to enable business agility. Given that most of today's data breaches are a result of user-access issues, security considerations such as Identity and Access Management, Authorization, and Authentication are critical.

The Data Integrity Challenge
Understanding and classifying data is just a first step, albeit an important one. Organizations also need to determine how to ensure data integrity when the perimeter is amorphous and control of the endpoints and the data is diminished mobility and cloud services.

Business departments are increasingly encouraged to find efficient and innovative ways to generate new business. This requires identifying new applications and ways to support the business anywhere and anytime. Business users often make the decision to use the cloud before involving IT since they can get up and running in a fraction of the time and cost it would take to provision in house.

With this unprecedented change in operations and infrastructure comes an unprecedented need for ensuring data integrity - ultimately working through the life cycle of data that can, at any point, be within the confines of a company, out to a network of partners and suppliers, or floating in a cloud. The challenge in this fractured landscape is that the perimeter is amorphous, but legacy security solutions are not; designed for a time when there was a more well-defined perimeter. The result is that attackers now use various techniques to bypass traditional perimeter-based defenses and compromise data - be it through tampering, stealing, or leaking data. Point-in-time defenses are no longer sufficient.

To effectively protect data wherever it may be, defenses must go beyond simply blocking and detection to including capabilities such as data correlation, continuous data analysis, and retrospective action when data has been found to have been corrupted, tampered with, or exfiltrated.

A New Approach to Applying Controls
In order to protect the classes of data described earlier - regulated, commercial, and collaborative - security teams need a mix of policy, process, and technology controls. These controls should be applied based on user and location context and according to a security model that is open, integrated, continuous, and pervasive:

  • Open to provide access to global intelligence and context to detect and remediate breaches and to support new standards for data protection.
  • Integrated solutions that enable policy to be automated and minimize manual processes can close gaps in security and support centralized management and control according to data classifications.
  • Both point-in-time solutions as well as continuous capabilities are needed to identify new threats to data.
  • Pervasive security delivers protection across the full attack continuum - before, during, and after an attack.

Let's take a closer look at the advantages of applying controls to protect data based on this model.

Openness provides:

  • The opportunity to participate in an open community of users and standards bodies to ensure consistent data classification and standards of policy and process.
  • Easy integration with other layers of security defenses to continue to uphold data protection best practices as IT environments and business requirements change.
  • The ability to access to global intelligence with the right context to identify new threats and take immediate action.

Integrated enables:

  • Technology controls that map to data tiers and also track data through different usage contexts and locations to support the fundamental first step of data classification.
  • Identity and access controls, authorization, and authentication that work in unison to map data protection to data classifications.
  • Encryption controls applied based on deemed data sensitivity to further strengthen protection, including strong encryption key standards (minimum AES256) and encryption keys retained by data owners.
  • Security solutions and technologies that seamlessly work together to protect data across its entire lifecycle.
  • Centralized policy management, monitoring, and distributed policy enforcement to ensure compliance with regulatory and corporate policies.

Continuous supports:

  • Technologies and services to constantly aggregate and correlate data from across the connected environment with historical patterns and global attack intelligence to maintain real-time contextual information, track data movement, and detect data exfiltration.
  • The ability to leverage insights into emerging new threats, take action (automatically or manually) to stop these threats, and use that intelligence to protect against future data breaches.

Pervasive translates into:

  • Defenses (including technologies and best practices) that address the full attack continuum - before, during, and after an attack. Before an attack, total, actionable visibility is required to see who is accessing what data from where and how, and to correlate that information against emerging threat vectors. During an attack, continuous visibility and control to analyze and take action in real time to protect data is necessary. After an attack, the key is to mitigate the damage, remediate, quickly recover, and prevent similar, future data breaches, data tampering, or data corruption activities.
  • The ability to address all attack vectors - including network, endpoints, virtual, the cloud, email and Web - to mitigate risk associated with various communications channels that could be used by an attacker to compromise data.

Today's cloud-driven, always-connected world is enabling organizations to be very agile but it is also putting data integrity at risk. IT teams need to quickly adapt to this new way of doing business despite having less control of the endpoints and the data. Traditional data protection models fail due to their inability to discriminate one set of data from another. By putting in place protection measures based on the type of data, how it is used, and where it goes, and backed by a security model that is open, integrated, continuous, and pervasive, organizations can take advantage of new business opportunities the cloud affords without sacrificing data integrity.

More Stories By Raja Patel

Raja Patel is a Senior Director, Cloud Security Product Management, at Cisco, where he is responsible for the portfolio strategy and development of security solutions for Cisco's Security Business. His responsibilities include building solutions and managing operations associated with Cloud, Threat Intelligence, Web and Email Security. Raja has been at Cisco for 13 years and during this tenure he has product managed a broad portfolio of products within Cisco’s Enterprise Networking Business Group, developed and accelerated new consumption & business models such as Enterprise Licensing, and lead strategic initiatives to develop more agile business practices across Cisco.

Mr. Patel holds a BS in Aerospace Engineering with a Minor in Mathematics from Embry Riddle Aeronautical University, and an MBA in Global Business Management.

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.

@BigDataExpo Stories
"There's plenty of bandwidth out there but it's never in the right place. So what Cedexis does is uses data to work out the best pathways to get data from the origin to the person who wants to get it," explained Simon Jones, Evangelist and Head of Marketing at Cedexis, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Digital Transformation and Disruption, Amazon Style - What You Can Learn. Chris Kocher is a co-founder of Grey Heron, a management and strategic marketing consulting firm. He has 25+ years in both strategic and hands-on operating experience helping executives and investors build revenues and shareholder value. He has consulted with over 130 companies on innovating with new business models, product strategies and monetization. Chris has held management positions at HP and Symantec in addition to ...
Enterprises have taken advantage of IoT to achieve important revenue and cost advantages. What is less apparent is how incumbent enterprises operating at scale have, following success with IoT, built analytic, operations management and software development capabilities - ranging from autonomous vehicles to manageable robotics installations. They have embraced these capabilities as if they were Silicon Valley startups.
René Bostic is the Technical VP of the IBM Cloud Unit in North America. Enjoying her career with IBM during the modern millennial technological era, she is an expert in cloud computing, DevOps and emerging cloud technologies such as Blockchain. Her strengths and core competencies include a proven record of accomplishments in consensus building at all levels to assess, plan, and implement enterprise and cloud computing solutions. René is a member of the Society of Women Engineers (SWE) and a m...
When talking IoT we often focus on the devices, the sensors, the hardware itself. The new smart appliances, the new smart or self-driving cars (which are amalgamations of many ‘things'). When we are looking at the world of IoT, we should take a step back, look at the big picture. What value are these devices providing. IoT is not about the devices, its about the data consumed and generated. The devices are tools, mechanisms, conduits. This paper discusses the considerations when dealing with the...
DXWordEXPO New York 2018, colocated with CloudEXPO New York 2018 will be held November 11-13, 2018, in New York City. Digital Transformation (DX) is a major focus with the introduction of DXWorldEXPO within the program. Successful transformation requires a laser focus on being data-driven and on using all the tools available that enable transformation if they plan to survive over the long term.
To Really Work for Enterprises, MultiCloud Adoption Requires Far Better and Inclusive Cloud Monitoring and Cost Management … But How? Overwhelmingly, even as enterprises have adopted cloud computing and are expanding to multi-cloud computing, IT leaders remain concerned about how to monitor, manage and control costs across hybrid and multi-cloud deployments. It’s clear that traditional IT monitoring and management approaches, designed after all for on-premises data centers, are falling short in ...
With privacy often voiced as the primary concern when using cloud based services, SyncriBox was designed to ensure that the software remains completely under the customer's control. Having both the source and destination files remain under the user?s control, there are no privacy or security issues. Since files are synchronized using Syncrify Server, no third party ever sees these files.
"We are an integrator of carrier ethernet and bandwidth to get people to connect to the cloud, to the SaaS providers, and the IaaS providers all on ethernet," explained Paul Mako, CEO & CTO of Massive Networks, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
I believe that this may finally be the year that the CIO role ‘crosses the Rubicon,' leaving behind its traditional, IT-focused orientation. But I don't believe that either of the previous predictions of this outcome — fading into oblivion or rising to a business executive level — is correct. Instead, I think this is the year that we will see the role of the CIO transformed into something altogether different.
Cloud-enabled transformation has evolved from cost saving measure to business innovation strategy -- one that combines the cloud with cognitive capabilities to drive market disruption. Learn how you can achieve the insight and agility you need to gain a competitive advantage. Industry-acclaimed CTO and cloud expert, Shankar Kalyana presents. Only the most exceptional IBMers are appointed with the rare distinction of IBM Fellow, the highest technical honor in the company. Shankar has also receive...
In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Carl J. Levine, Senior Technical Evangelist for NS1, will objectively discuss how DNS is used to solve Digital Transformation challenges in large SaaS applications, CDNs, AdTech platforms, and other demanding use cases. Carl J. Levine is the Senior Technical Evangelist for NS1. A veteran of the Internet Infrastructure space, he has over a decade of experience with startups, networking protocols and Internet infrastructure, combined with the unique ability to it...
Andi Mann, Chief Technology Advocate at Splunk, is an accomplished digital business executive with extensive global expertise as a strategist, technologist, innovator, marketer, and communicator. For over 30 years across five continents, he has built success with Fortune 500 corporations, vendors, governments, and as a leading research analyst and consultant.
Andrew Keys is Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise. He comes to ConsenSys Enterprise with capital markets, technology and entrepreneurial experience. Previously, he worked for UBS investment bank in equities analysis. Later, he was responsible for the creation and distribution of life settlement products to hedge funds and investment banks. After, he co-founded a revenue cycle management company where he learned about Bitcoin and eventually Ethereal. Andrew's role at ConsenSys Enterprise is a mul...
Internet-of-Things discussions can end up either going down the consumer gadget rabbit hole or focused on the sort of data logging that industrial manufacturers have been doing forever. However, in fact, companies today are already using IoT data both to optimize their operational technology and to improve the experience of customer interactions in novel ways. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Gordon Haff, Red Hat Technology Evangelist, shared examples from a wide range of industries – including en...
"Space Monkey by Vivent Smart Home is a product that is a distributed cloud-based edge storage network. Vivent Smart Home, our parent company, is a smart home provider that places a lot of hard drives across homes in North America," explained JT Olds, Director of Engineering, and Brandon Crowfeather, Product Manager, at Vivint Smart Home, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Rodrigo Coutinho is part of OutSystems' founders' team and currently the Head of Product Design. He provides a cross-functional role where he supports Product Management in defining the positioning and direction of the Agile Platform, while at the same time promoting model-based development and new techniques to deliver applications in the cloud.
DevOpsSummit New York 2018, colocated with CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO New York 2018 will be held November 11-13, 2018, in New York City. Digital Transformation (DX) is a major focus with the introduction of DXWorldEXPO within the program. Successful transformation requires a laser focus on being data-driven and on using all the tools available that enable transformation if they plan to survive over the long term. A total of 88% of Fortune 500 companies from a generation ago are now out of bus...
delaPlex is a global technology and software development solutions and consulting provider, deeply committed to helping companies drive growth, revenue and marketplace value. Since 2008, delaPlex's objective has been to be a trusted advisor to its clients. By redefining the outsourcing industry's business model, the innovative delaPlex Agile Business Framework brings an unmatched alliance of industry experts, across industries and functional skillsets, to clients anywhere around the world.
Business professionals no longer wonder if they'll migrate to the cloud; it's now a matter of when. The cloud environment has proved to be a major force in transitioning to an agile business model that enables quick decisions and fast implementation that solidify customer relationships. And when the cloud is combined with the power of cognitive computing, it drives innovation and transformation that achieves astounding competitive advantage.