Click here to close now.




















Welcome!

@BigDataExpo Authors: Liz McMillan, Dana Gardner, Orlando Bayter, Elizabeth White, Hurricane Labs

Related Topics: @CloudExpo, Microservices Expo, Containers Expo Blog, Agile Computing, @BigDataExpo, SDN Journal

@CloudExpo: Article

Cloud, DevOps, and the Enterprise

You may want to consider the move to DevOps independently of your decision if and when to move to the Cloud

At last week’s conference in Santa Clara, California, a speaker asked the audience how many people were implementing Private Clouds. A few dozen of the fifty or so attendees raised their hands. Then he asked how many of them were implementing automated self-service. All the hands went down.

Now, we can argue that because automated self-service is an essential Cloud characteristic, nobody in the room was in fact implementing Private Cloud at all. But take a closer look, and the lack of emphasis on self-service Private Clouds is a telling indicator of the state of Cloud Computing (in particular, Infrastructure-as-a-Service, or IaaS) in the enterprise. If an enterprise IT shop were to truly implement a self-service Private Cloud, and actually got it to work properly, then the enterprise development teams would be able to manage the entire production environment for themselves. There’d be nothing left for the operational IT folks to do except make sure to replace bad hard drives and the like. No more server or network administration. No more break/fix. No more reason to get that healthy salary – or any salary at all, for that matter.

That’s the fear (often unspoken) of many an IT professional. Cloud will take our jobs! And not only that, giving the development team responsibility for managing the operational environment masquerading as IaaS is a recipe for disaster. It’s no wonder nobody in the aforementioned conference session admitted to implementing automated self-service. After all, automated self-service turns the Cloud into the Devil’s playground.

The Rise of Full Lifecycle Governance
It may seem that Cloud is playing the villain in this melodrama, but in fact, such challenges predate the Cloud by a decade or more. As we have long discussed in our Licensed ZapThink Architect (LZA) SOA course, the move to SOA requires full lifecycle governance. IT shops that divide their governance activities into separate app/dev and operations groups, or worse, have no governance at all, are ill-prepared to implement SOA, because with SOA, the fun begins after deployment of Services. The conclusion of the development phase, in theory, brings the publication of Services. Consumption, composition, and versioning of those Services takes place subsequently, now that Services are the responsibility of operations. Unless the IT shop coordinates their SOA policies across the lifecycle, expect no end of problems as the app dev team tries to monkey with production software.

Today, add Cloud to the mix. The rise of Cloud in the enterprise adds an entirely new dimension to the requirement for full-lifecycle governance, because we’re not just reinventing how to consume and compose application functionality and data as we did with SOA, we’re revamping the entire operational environment. IT will never be the same again. But in spite of the doom and gloom pronouncements of many an old-guard admin, the Cloud doesn’t put ops folks out of a job. It does, however, redefine their role.

Enter DevOps
The idea behind DevOps is to take the concept of full lifecycle governance and bring it down to the project level. Instead of the app dev team chucking code over the wall to ops, bring the ops folks together with the developers and testers so that code iterations can include the operational phases of the lifecycle as well. In essence, DevOps extends the principles of the Agile Manifesto – working with stakeholders to focus on delivering working software that meets changing business needs – to include running the software, not just building it.

Sounds good, but the multifaceted challenges facing successful DevOps are personal, technical, architectural, as well as organizational. On the personal level, ops personnel must change their working situation, often moving their desk and dealing with different people, learning different technologies, and following different processes. On the technical level, DevOps requires continuous integration, continuous testing, and automated deployment capabilities that even today’s more advanced Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) offerings are only now in the process of rolling out. Next, layer on architectural considerations, including how well the existing code and integration environments support policy-driven automation, which is the essence of Agile Architecture that I discuss in my new book, The Agile Architecture Revolution. But the most significant change that DevOps introduces to the IT shop, even more significant than architectural issues, are the necessary organizational changes.

Typically, app dev and operations report up to the CIO through different managers, say a VP of development or engineering plus a VP of operations. This traditional organizational structure doesn’t make sense any more. Instead, there should be a VP of software programs or portfolios, where teams of developers, testers, as well as ops people report up through the single VP. However, even this simplified org chart doesn’t tell the whole story for most enterprise IT shops, because the focus isn’t entirely on software development. It’s also on integration. And as such shops move to the Cloud, the challenge then becomes how to implement and manage a Hybrid Cloud-based environment.

The Enterprise DevOps Challenge: Hybrid Clouds
As we discuss in our Cloud Computing for Architects and Enterprise Cloud Computing courses, it’s important to place the Cloud into the enterprise context. In other words, all that heterogeneous legacy you’ve been struggling with for years. Sure, it might sound good to the executives to simply move all that old code to the Cloud, but in most situations, such migration is impractical or simply impossible. Instead, some capabilities should remain on-premise while others will do just fine in the Cloud. Now the challenge is connecting them together.

Enter the Hybrid Cloud. In reality, there are many different types of Hybrid Clouds: on premise to Public Cloud, on premise to Private Cloud, Private Cloud to Public Cloud, and every other combination you can think of. Furthermore, most enterprise mobile development falls into the broad Hybrid Cloud category, with the rise of Mobile-Backend-as-a-Service or MBaaS (more about MBaaS in a future ZapFlash). Face it, the story of today’s technology is one of connecting things, rather than running apps in isolation. The Cloud multiplies the number of opportunities for establishing such connections.

This inherent complexity endemic to virtually all enterprise IT shops complicates the DevOps story. Instead of simply focusing on revamping development teams, now the CIO must consider on-premise vs. Cloud-based development as well as on-premise vs. Cloud-based deployment, and then how to integrate the whole shebang. In some cases, IT shops will have traditional on-premise development teams chucking code over to on-premise deployment teams while at the same time building Cloud-based development/deployment teams that follow the DevOps model. In other cases, some development will take place on PaaS in the Cloud for deployment on-premise, or conceivably some development will be on-premise for deployment on IaaS. If you’re confused at this point, you’re not alone.

Depending on the types of development and integration challenges your shop faces, therefore, you may find a different org chart to be in order. For example, you may have a traditional on-premise app dev division coupled with a traditional ops division, now supplemented with a DevOps-based Cloud portfolio division. Or if your organization is able to bring DevOps to on-premise development and deployment, then you might have an on-premise DevOps division to go along with the Cloud-based one. The bottom line, however, is that all these organizational models are as yet unproven. Only time will tell how many times we’ll need to shake up the IT org chart before the dust finally settles.

The ZapThink Take
Over a year ago, we pointed out
that we were entering DevOps’ “golden age.” The automated self-service capabilities of the Cloud (in particular, Public Clouds) are driving organizations to rethink how they handle operations, while at the same time empowering developers and testers to provision IT capabilities for themselves. In the enterprise IT context, however, the story is necessarily murkier, as there are so many moving parts to existing legacy environments.

One important question remains: will DevOps gain traction in traditional, on-premise development/deployment environments independent of the move to the Cloud? Or will such environments remain stuck in the IT governance dark ages until such time as anything and everything moves to the Cloud? The answer to this question circles back to the personal considerations of the individuals involved. Which is better, to resist change when change isn’t mandatory, or to take a page out of the Cloud’s developing organizational playbook to shake up traditional IT, even before you move to the Cloud? To answer a question with yet another question: is the current way of doing things working for you? If not, then you may want to consider the move to DevOps independently of your decision if and when to move to the Cloud.

Image credit: Hobbies on a Budget

More Stories By Jason Bloomberg

Jason Bloomberg is the leading expert on architecting agility for the enterprise. As president of Intellyx, Mr. Bloomberg brings his years of thought leadership in the areas of Cloud Computing, Enterprise Architecture, and Service-Oriented Architecture to a global clientele of business executives, architects, software vendors, and Cloud service providers looking to achieve technology-enabled business agility across their organizations and for their customers. His latest book, The Agile Architecture Revolution (John Wiley & Sons, 2013), sets the stage for Mr. Bloomberg’s groundbreaking Agile Architecture vision.

Mr. Bloomberg is perhaps best known for his twelve years at ZapThink, where he created and delivered the Licensed ZapThink Architect (LZA) SOA course and associated credential, certifying over 1,700 professionals worldwide. He is one of the original Managing Partners of ZapThink LLC, the leading SOA advisory and analysis firm, which was acquired by Dovel Technologies in 2011. He now runs the successor to the LZA program, the Bloomberg Agile Architecture Course, around the world.

Mr. Bloomberg is a frequent conference speaker and prolific writer. He has published over 500 articles, spoken at over 300 conferences, Webinars, and other events, and has been quoted in the press over 1,400 times as the leading expert on agile approaches to architecture in the enterprise.

Mr. Bloomberg’s previous book, Service Orient or Be Doomed! How Service Orientation Will Change Your Business (John Wiley & Sons, 2006, coauthored with Ron Schmelzer), is recognized as the leading business book on Service Orientation. He also co-authored the books XML and Web Services Unleashed (SAMS Publishing, 2002), and Web Page Scripting Techniques (Hayden Books, 1996).

Prior to ZapThink, Mr. Bloomberg built a diverse background in eBusiness technology management and industry analysis, including serving as a senior analyst in IDC’s eBusiness Advisory group, as well as holding eBusiness management positions at USWeb/CKS (later marchFIRST) and WaveBend Solutions (now Hitachi Consulting).

@BigDataExpo Stories
The essence of cloud computing is that all consumable IT resources are delivered as services. In his session at 15th Cloud Expo, Yung Chou, Technology Evangelist at Microsoft, demonstrated the concepts and implementations of two important cloud computing deliveries: Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) and Platform as a Service (PaaS). He discussed from business and technical viewpoints what exactly they are, why we care, how they are different and in what ways, and the strategies for IT to tran...
SYS-CON Events announced today that HPM Networks will exhibit at the 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. For 20 years, HPM Networks has been integrating technology solutions that solve complex business challenges. HPM Networks has designed solutions for both SMB and enterprise customers throughout the San Francisco Bay Area.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Agema Systems will exhibit at the 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Agema Systems is the leading provider of critical white-box rack solutions to data centers through the major integrators and value added distribution channels.
"Our biggest growth area has been the security services, the managed services - the things that differentiate us in the market that there is no client that's too small and there's no client that's too big," explained Paul Mazzucco, Chief Security Officer at TierPoint, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 16th Cloud Expo, held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City.
For IoT to grow as quickly as analyst firms’ project, a lot is going to fall on developers to quickly bring applications to market. But the lack of a standard development platform threatens to slow growth and make application development more time consuming and costly, much like we’ve seen in the mobile space. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mike Weiner, Product Manager of the Omega DevCloud with KORE Telematics Inc., discussed the evolving requirements for developers as IoT matures and conducte...
Converging digital disruptions is creating a major sea change - Cisco calls this the Internet of Everything (IoE). IoE is the network connection of People, Process, Data and Things, fueled by Cloud, Mobile, Social, Analytics and Security, and it represents a $19Trillion value-at-stake over the next 10 years. In her keynote at @ThingsExpo, Manjula Talreja, VP of Cisco Consulting Services, discussed IoE and the enormous opportunities it provides to public and private firms alike. She will share w...
With SaaS use rampant across organizations, how can IT departments track company data and maintain security? More and more departments are commissioning their own solutions and bypassing IT. A cloud environment is amorphous and powerful, allowing you to set up solutions for all of your user needs: document sharing and collaboration, mobile access, e-mail, even industry-specific applications. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Shawn Mills, President and a founder of Green House Data, discussed h...
"We do data integration for B2B also application to application, and we do data management and enable Big Data," explained Pat Adamiak, Vice President, Product Marketing at Liaison Technologies, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 16th Cloud Expo, held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City.
The Cloud industry has moved from being more than just being able to provide infrastructure and management services on the Cloud. Enter a new era of Cloud computing where monetization’s services through the Cloud are an essential piece of strategy to feed your organizations bottom-line, your revenue and Profitability. In their session at 16th Cloud Expo, Ermanno Bonifazi, CEO & Founder of Solgenia, and Ian Khan, Global Strategic Positioning & Brand Manager at Solgenia, discussed how to easily o...
One of the hottest areas in cloud right now is DRaaS and related offerings. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Dale Levesque, Disaster Recovery Product Manager with Windstream's Cloud and Data Center Marketing team, will discuss the benefits of the cloud model, which far outweigh the traditional approach, and how enterprises need to ensure that their needs are properly being met.
Growth hacking is common for startups to make unheard-of progress in building their business. Career Hacks can help Geek Girls and those who support them (yes, that's you too, Dad!) to excel in this typically male-dominated world. Get ready to learn the facts: Is there a bias against women in the tech / developer communities? Why are women 50% of the workforce, but hold only 24% of the STEM or IT positions? Some beginnings of what to do about it! In her Opening Keynote at 16th Cloud Expo, S...
"We've just seen a huge influx of new partners coming into our ecosystem, and partners building unique offerings on top of our API set," explained Seth Bostock, Chief Executive Officer at IndependenceIT, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 16th Cloud Expo, held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City.
Discussions about cloud computing are evolving into discussions about enterprise IT in general. As enterprises increasingly migrate toward their own unique clouds, new issues such as the use of containers and microservices emerge to keep things interesting. In this Power Panel at 16th Cloud Expo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, panelists addressed the state of cloud computing today, and what enterprise IT professionals need to know about how the latest topics and trends affect t...
In the midst of the widespread popularity and adoption of cloud computing, it seems like everything is being offered “as a Service” these days: Infrastructure? Check. Platform? You bet. Software? Absolutely. Toaster? It’s only a matter of time. With service providers positioning vastly differing offerings under a generic “cloud” umbrella, it’s all too easy to get confused about what’s actually being offered. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Kevin Hazard, Director of Digital Content for SoftL...
Business as usual for IT is evolving into a "Make or Buy" decision on a service-by-service conversation with input from the LOBs. How does your organization move forward with cloud? In his general session at 16th Cloud Expo, Paul Maravei, Regional Sales Manager, Hybrid Cloud and Managed Services at Cisco, discusses how Cisco and its partners offer a market-leading portfolio and ecosystem of cloud infrastructure and application services that allow you to uniquely and securely combine cloud busine...
It is one thing to build single industrial IoT applications, but what will it take to build the Smart Cities and truly society-changing applications of the future? The technology won’t be the problem, it will be the number of parties that need to work together and be aligned in their motivation to succeed. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Jason Mondanaro, Director, Product Management at Metanga, discussed how you can plan to cooperate, partner, and form lasting all-star teams to change the world...
Even as cloud and managed services grow increasingly central to business strategy and performance, challenges remain. The biggest sticking point for companies seeking to capitalize on the cloud is data security. Keeping data safe is an issue in any computing environment, and it has been a focus since the earliest days of the cloud revolution. Understandably so: a lot can go wrong when you allow valuable information to live outside the firewall. Recent revelations about government snooping, along...
"CenturyLink brings a full suite of services to the table and that enables us to be an IT service provider," explained Jeff Katzen, Director of the Cloud Practice at CenturyLink, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 16th Cloud Expo, held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City.
In his keynote at 16th Cloud Expo, Rodney Rogers, CEO of Virtustream, discussed the evolution of the company from inception to its recent acquisition by EMC – including personal insights, lessons learned (and some WTF moments) along the way. Learn how Virtustream’s unique approach of combining the economics and elasticity of the consumer cloud model with proper performance, application automation and security into a platform became a breakout success with enterprise customers and a natural fit f...
Public Cloud IaaS started its life in the developer and startup communities and has grown rapidly to a $20B+ industry, but it still pales in comparison to how much is spent worldwide on IT: $3.6 trillion. In fact, there are 8.6 million data centers worldwide, the reality is many small and medium sized business have server closets and colocation footprints filled with servers and storage gear. While on-premise environment virtualization may have peaked at 75%, the Public Cloud has lagged in adop...