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Visible Light Communication (VLC)/Li-Fi Technology & Free Space Optics (FSO) Market (2013-2018) - By Component (LED, Image Sensor, Opto-couplers), Application (Indoor Networking, Underwater Communication, Location Based Service, ITS) & Geography

NEW YORK, Jan. 17, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Visible Light Communication (VLC)/Li-Fi Technology & Free Space Optics (FSO) Market (2013-2018) – By Component (LED, Image Sensor, Opto-couplers), Application (Indoor Networking, Underwater Communication, Location Based Service, ITS) & Geography

http://www.reportlinker.com/p01083658/Visible-Light-Communication-VLC/Li-Fi-Technology--Free-Space-Optics-FSO-Market-2013-2018-–-By-Component-LED-Image-Sensor-Opto-couplers-Application-Indoor-Networking-Underwater-Communication-Location-Based-Service-ITS--Geography.html#utm_source=prnewswire&utm_medium=pr&utm_campaign=NoCategory

VLC technology, one of the advanced optical wireless communication technologies, in which light in the visible region (375nm-780nm) is used as a medium for data transmission is more secure and achieves high data rates as compared to conventional wireless technologies like Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Wimax etc., which use radio waves for communication. Till late 1990s infrared spectrum is used for the communication. But in the early 2000s, researches started using visible light from LEDs as the medium for communication. Initially they were able to achieve network speed about 100Kbps. With continuous developments, VLC systems can now achieve about 800Mbps data rate for short range communications. Many companies and research institutes are conducting research to develop and commercialize Gigabit networks for long range communications.

FSO is based on the same principle as VLC but it uses light in the IR spectrum for communication. Invention RONJA device in 2001, which can achieve 10Mbps network speed over 0.87 miles boosted the research activities in the FSO technology. FSO was initially used for outdoor communication applications. But in the recent times, indoor applications like enterprise connectivity, hospitals are increasing.

Reliability and network coverage are the major issues to be considered by the companies while providing VLC services. Interferences from external light sources like sun light, normal bulbs; and opaque materials in the path of transmission will cause interruption in the communication. High installation cost of the VLC systems can be complemented by large-scale implementation of VLC. Adopting VLC technology will reduce further operating costs like electricity charges, maintenance charges etc.

Visible light communication technology is still in the introductory phase. Indoor networking and location based services are the only applications that are quite penetrated in the market. Products for other applications (intelligent traffic management system, in-flight entertainment, and underwater communication) are expected to hit the market by the end of 2013. VLC may be implemented as a complementary technology to the existing wireless networks. VLC is expected to penetrate M2M communication, smart cities, power over Ethernet (PoE), wireless sensor networks, ubiquitous networks, augmented reality etc. after five years.

Unlike VLC technology, FSO technology is commercialized in the market for quite some time. FSO technology is majorly used in military & aerospace applications due its secure and high speed data transmission rates. FSO is expected to be deployed in MAN (Metropolitan Area Network), service accelerating, last mile connectivity etc. applications in the near future.

This report categorizes the VLC/Li-Fi market based on components, applications and geography. Components include LEDs, infrared emitters, Opto-couplers, and image sensors. Major applications of VLC/Li-Fi covered in this report are Intelligent Traffic Management Systems (ITMS), Indoor Networking, In-flight Entertainment, Underwater Communication, and Location Based Service (LBS). The global market is fragmented in North America, Europe, APAC and ROW. The report also describes FSO market by applications: enterprise applications, mobile carrier backhaul, and military & aerospace; and geography.

Top players in the VLC/Li-Fi market include LVX System (U.S.), pureVLC Ltd (U.K.), Nakagawa Laboratories, Inc. (Japan), Outstanding Technology Corporation (Japan) and ByteLight (U.S.). Many research centers, institutes and consortiums are also undertaking R&D activities to develop and commercialize VLC technology. These include Visible Light Communication Consortium (VLCC), LiFi Consortium, University of Oxford (U.K.), Smart Lighting Engineering Research Centre, UC-Light Center (University of California, U.S.), Keio University (Japan), University of Edinburgh etc. APAC region is expected to be the market leader in the VLC/Li-Fi market owing to the recent technology developments and increased R&D activities.

Top players in the FSO market include fSONA Networks Corp. (Canada),Ubiquiti Networks, Inc. (U.S.), Northern Hi-Tec Ltd (U.K.), LightPointe Communications, Inc. (U.S.), Society for Optical Communications Systems Ltd. (Germany), and Wireless Excellence Limited (U.K.). Europe is the market leader in the FSO market at present but, North America is expected to lead the market by 2018. Increased enterprise and military & aerospace application in North America is driving the FSO market in this region.

Scope of the report

This research report categorizes the global VLC technology market; based on component, applications, and geography; it also covers the forecasted revenue and applications of FSO technology.

On the basis of componentGlobal VLC technology component market is segmented into LED, IR emitters, Opto-couplers and image sensors

On the basis of application areas

Global VLC technology applications market is segmented into ITS, indoor networking, in-flight entertainment and communication, underwater communication and location based services.

On the basis of geographyGeographical analysis covers North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and ROW.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 INTRODUCTION

1.1 KEY TAKE-AWAYS

1.2 REPORT DESCRIPTION

1.3 MARKETS COVERED

1.4 STAKEHOLDERS

1.5 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

1.5.1 MARKET SIZE

1.5.2 KEY DATA POINTS FROM SECONDARY SOURCES

1.5.3 KEY DATA POINTS FROM PRIMARY SOURCES

1.5.4 ASSUMPTIONS MADE FOR THIS REPORT

1.5.5 LIST OF COMPANIES COVERED DURING THE REPORT

2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

3 MARKET OVERVIEW

3.1 MARKET DEFINITION

3.2 VISIBLE LIGHT COMMUNICATION (VLC) CONCEPT

3.2.1 ROADMAP TO VLC

3.3 MARKET DYNAMICS

3.3.1 DRIVERS

3.3.1.1 Last mile connectivity

3.3.1.2 Power-efficient

3.3.1.3 Increasing government funding

3.3.1.4 Ultra-fast data transfer

3.3.2 RESTRAINTS

3.3.2.1 High installation cost

3.3.2.2 Lack of Technology Awareness

3.3.2.3 Competing technologies

3.3.3 OPPORTUNITIES

3.3.3.1 Growing LED industry

3.3.3.2 Penetration of VLC in Advanced Applications

3.3.3.2.1 Internet of Things (IoT) and Machine-To-Machine Communication (M2M)

3.3.3.2.2 Smart City

3.3.3.2.3 Wireless Sensor Network (WSN)

3.4 BURNING ISSUE

3.4.1 NETWORK COVERAGE AND DEPENDENCY

3.5 WINNING IMPERATIVE

3.5.1 LARGE SCALE IMPLEMENTATION OF VLC

3.6 VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS

3.7 CASH COW FOR VLC TECHNOLOGY

3.8 TECHNOLOGY LIFE CYCLE

3.9 PORTER'S FIVE FORCE MODEL

3.9.1 DEGREE OF COMPETITION

3.9.2 BUYERS' POWER

3.9.3 SUPPLIERS' POWER

3.9.4 THREAT FROM SUBSTITUTES

3.9.5 THREAT FROM NEW ENTRANTS

3.10 RECENT ACTIVITIES IN VLC MARKET

3.10.1 LIFI CONSORTIUM

3.10.1.1 Li-Fi Objectives

3.10.2 RONJA

3.10.2.1 RONJA device

3.10.3 D-LIGHT (DATA LIGHT) PROJECT

3.10.3.1 Technology Background

3.10.3.2 Environmental benefits

3.10.3.3 Commercial and technical features

3.10.3.4 Applications

3.10.4 OMEGA EVENT

4 OPTICAL WIRELESS COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY4.1 INTRODUCTION4.2 LI-FI TECHNOLOGY4.2.1 VISIBLE LIGHT COMMUNICATION (VLC)4.2.1.1 Some of the VLC projects4.2.2 WORKING PRINCIPLE OF VLC TECHNOLOGY4.3 FREE SPACE OPTICS (FSO) CONCEPT4.3.1 HISTORY AND EVOLUTION4.3.1.1 IrDA4.3.1.2 RONJA4.3.2 WORKING PRINCIPLE4.3.3 ADVANTAGES AND LIMITATIONS OF FSO4.4 FREE SPACE OPTICS MARKET FORECAST4.4.1 FREE SPACE OPTICS MARKET FORECAST, BY APPLICATIONS4.4.1.1 Enterprise application4.4.1.1.1 Enterprise connectivity4.4.1.1.2 Health care4.4.1.1.3 Engineering and design services4.4.1.1.4 Security4.4.1.2 Mobile carrier backhaul4.4.1.3 Military applications4.4.1.3.1 Detection4.4.1.3.2 Interception4.4.1.4 Other Applications4.4.1.4.1 Redundant link and disaster recovery4.4.1.4.2 Storage area network4.4.1.4.3 Last mile access4.4.1.4.4 Metropolitan Area Network (MAN)4.4.2 FREE SPACE OPTICS MARKET FORECAST, BY GEOGRAPHY4.4.2.1 North America4.4.2.2 Europe4.4.2.3 APAC4.4.2.4 ROW

5 VISIBLE LIGHT COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY COMPONENT

5.1 INTRODUCTION

5.2 LED

5.2.1 HISTORY

5.2.2 WORKING

5.2.3 LED LAMPS

5.2.3.1 White LEDs

5.2.3.2 RGB LEDs

5.3 INFRARED EMITTERS

5.3.1 ALGAAS IR LED

5.3.2 GAAS LED

5.4 OPTO-COUPLERS

5.5 IMAGE SENSOR

5.5.1 DIFFERENT MODES IN PHOTO-DIODES

5.5.2 FEATURES OF IMAGE SENSOR VLC

6 VISIBLE LIGHT COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY APPLICATION6.1 INTRODUCTION6.2 INTELLIGENT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (ITS)6.2.1 ADVANCED TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT SYSTEM6.2.2 ADVANCED TRAVELER INFORMATION SYSTEM6.2.2.1 Vehicle-to-infrastructure communications:6.2.2.2 Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications:6.2.3 ADVANCED PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM (APTS)6.3 INDOOR NETWORKING6.3.1 COMPARISON WITH EXISTING TECHNOLOGY6.4 IN-FLIGHT ENTERTAINMENT & COMMUNICATION6.4.1 GROWING IFE HARDWARE EXPENSES6.4.2 RECENT ACTIVITY6.5 UNDERWATER COMMUNICATION6.5.1 FLOW OF INFORMATION6.6 LOCATION BASED SERVICE6.6.1 LOCATION BASED ADVERTISEMENT (LBA)6.6.2 LOCATION BASED SHOPPING6.6.3 LOCATION BASED SOCIAL NETWORKING6.6.4 LOCATION BASED SEARCH6.6.5 NAVIGATION

7 VISIBLE LIGHT COMMUNICATION MARKET, BY GEOGRAPHY

7.1 INTRODUCTION

7.2 NORTH AMERICA

7.3 EUROPE

7.4 APAC

7.5 ROW

8 COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE8.1 MARKET SHARE ANALYSIS8.2 KEY GROWTH STRATEGIES8.2.1 MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS8.2.2 NEW PRODUCT LAUNCH8.2.3 COLLABORATION AND PARTNERSHIP9 COMPANY PROFILES (Overview, Financial Review, Strategy Focus & Future Approach)*9.1 AOPTIX TECHNOLOGIES, INC.9.2 AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES9.3 BYTELIGHT9.4 CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.9.5 FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT9.6 FSONA NETWORKS CORP.9.7 LIFI CONSORTIUM9.8 LIGHTPOINTE COMMUNICATIONS, INC.9.9 LSA, INC.9.10 LVX SYSTEM9.11 MOSTCOM9.12 NAKAGAWA LABORATORIES, INC.9.13 NORTHERN HI-TEC LTD9.14 OLEDCOMM - FRANCE LIFI9.15 OMEGA PROJECT CONSORTIUM9.16 OUTSTANDING TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION9.17 PANASONIC CORPORATION9.18 PENGUIN AUTOMATED SYSTEMS INC.9.19 PLAINTREE SYSTEMS INC9.20 PUREVLC LTD9.21 SOCIETY FOR OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS LTD.9.22 TAMURA CORPORATION9.23 UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC.9.24 WIRELESS EXCELLENCE LIMITED*Details on overview, Financial Review, Strategy Focus & Future Approach might not be captured in case of unlisted companies.

LIST OF TABLES

TABLE 1 VLC/LI-FI AND FSO MARKET RESEARCH METHODOLOGYTABLE 2 GENERAL ASSUMPTIONSTABLE 3 MARKET ASSUMPTIONSTABLE 4 COMPANIES COVERED IN THIS REPORTTABLE 5 GLOBAL VLC MARKET REVENUE, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012-2018 (MILLION)TABLE 6 GLOBAL FSO MARKET REVENUE, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012-2018 (MILLION)TABLE 7 VLC VS RF TECHNOLOGYTABLE 8 FACTS RELATED TO ENERGY SAVINGTABLE 9 GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES TO REPLACE THE INCANDESCENT LAMPSTABLE 10 VLC VS WI-FI TECHNOLOGYTABLE 11 SYSTEMS TO GO SMARTERTABLE 12 AVERAGE TRAFFIC PER DEVICE GROWTHTABLE 13 FACTS RELATED TO MOBILE DATA TRAFFICTABLE 14 RONJA MODELSTABLE 15 VLC BENEFITSTABLE 16 D-LIGHT PROJECT APPLICATIONSTABLE 17 VLC PROJECTSTABLE 18 IRDA STANDARDSTABLE 19 FIBER OPTICS VS FSOTABLE 20 ADVANTAGES AND LIMITATIONSTABLE 21 FREE SPACE OPTICS MARKET, BY APPLICATIONS, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 22 FREE SPACE OPTICS MARKET IN ENTERPRISE APPLICATIONS, 2012-2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 23 FREE SPACE OPTICS ENTERPRISE APPLICATION MARKET, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 24 FREE SPACE OPTICS MARKET IN ENTERPRISE CONNECTIVITY, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 25 FREE SPACE OPTICS MARKET IN HEALTHCARE, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 26 FREE SPACE OPTICS MARKET IN ENGINEERING AND DESIGN SERVICES, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 27 FREE SPACE OPTICS MARKET IN SECURITY SERVICES, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 28 FSO ADVANTAGESTABLE 29 FREE SPACE OPTICS MARKET IN MOBILE CARRIER BACKHAUL, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 30 FREE SPACE OPTICS MARKET IN MILITARY APPLICATIONS, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 31 NORTH AMERICA FREE SPACE OPTICS MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 32 EUROPE FREE SPACE OPTICS MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 33 APAC FREE SPACE OPTICS MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 34 ROW FREE SPACE OPTICS MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 35 GLOBAL VLC MARKET, BY COMPONENTS, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 36 COMPARISON OF LEDS, INCANDESCENT AND FLUORESCENT LAMPSTABLE 37 SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIAL FOR DIFFERENT LEDSTABLE 38 GLOBAL VLC LED COMPONENT MARKET, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012-2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 39 GLOBAL VLC IR EMITTER MARKET, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 40 DIFFERENT OPTO-COUPLERSTABLE 41 GLOBAL VLC OPTO-COUPLER MARKET, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 42 MODES IN PHOTO-DIODESTABLE 43 GLOBAL VLC IMAGE SENSOR MARKET, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 44 GLOBAL VLC MARKET REVENUE, BY APPLICATIONS, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 45 GLOBAL VLC MARKET REVENUE FROM ITS APPLICATION, BY CATEGORY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 46 GLOBAL VLC MARKET REVENUE FROM ITS APPLICATION, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 47 VLC MARKET IN ADVANCED TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 48 VLC MARKET IN ADVANCED TRAVELLER INFORMATION, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 49 VLC MARKET IN ADVANCED PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 50 VLC VS WI-FITABLE 51 VLC MARKET REVENUE FROM INDOOR NETWORKING SYSTEM, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 52 COMPARISON WITH ALTERNATIVE TECHNOLOGIESTABLE 53 VLC MARKET REVENUE FROM IN-FLIGHT ENTERTAINMENT AND COMMUNICATION, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 54 VLC MARKET IN UNDERWATER COMMUNICATION, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 55 GLOBAL VLC MARKET REVENUE FROM LOCATION BASED SERVICES, BY APPLICATIONS, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 56 VLC MARKET REVENUE FROM LOCATION BASED SERVICES, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 57 VLC MARKET REVENUE FROM LOCATION BASED MOBILE ADVERTISEMENT, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 58 VLC MARKET IN LOCATION BASED SHOPPING, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 59 VLC MARKET IN LOCATION BASED SOCIAL NETWORKING, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 60 COMPARISON OF POSITION DETECTION WITH VARIOUS TECHNOLOGIESTABLE 61 VLC MARKET IN LOCATION BASED SEARCH, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 62 VLC MARKET IN NAVIGATION, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 63 NORTH AMERICA: VLC MARKET, BY APPLICATIONS, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 64 NORTH AMERICA: VLC MARKET REVENUE, BY COMPONENTS, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 65 EUROPE: VLC MARKET, BY APPLICATIONS, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 66 EUROPE: VLC MARKET REVENUE, BY COMPONENTS, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 67 APAC: VLC MARKET REVENUE, BY APPLICATIONS, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 68 APAC: VLC MARKET REVENUE, BY COMPONENTS, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 69 ROW: VLC MARKET REVENUE, BY APPLICATION, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 70 ROW: VLC MARKET REVENUE, BY COMPONENTS, 2012 - 2018 ($MILLION)TABLE 71 TOP PLAYERS IN VLC MARKETTABLE 72 TOP PLAYERS IN FSO MARKETTABLE 73 MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS, 2010 – 2012TABLE 74 NEW PRODUCT LAUNCH/DEVELOPMENT, 2010 – 2012TABLE 75 PARTNERSHIPS/AGREEMENTS/STRATEGIC ALLIANCE/COLLABORATION, 2010 – 2012TABLE 76 AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES: OVERALL REVENUE, 2010 - 2011 ($MILLION)TABLE 77 CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.: MARKET REVENUE, 2011 - 2012 ($BILLION)TABLE 78 CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.: MARKET REVENUE, BY PRODUCT SEGMENTS, 2011 - 2012 ($BILLION)TABLE 79 CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.: MARKET REVENUE, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2011 - 2012 ($BILLION)TABLE 80 PANASONIC CORP: MARKET REVENUE, 2011 - 2012 ($BILLION)TABLE 81 PANASONIC CORPORATION: MARKET REVENUE BY BUSINESS SEGMENTS, 2011 - 2012 ($BILLION)TABLE 82 PANASONIC CORP: REVENUE BY GEOGRAPHY, 2011 - 2012 ($BILLION)TABLE 83 PLAINTREE SYSTEMS INC.: MARKET REVENUE, 2011 - 2012 ($MILLION)TABLE 84 PLAINTREE SYSTEMS INC.: MARKET REVENUE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENTS, 2011 - 2012 ($MILLION)TABLE 85 PLAINTREE SYSTEMS INC.: MARKET REVENUE, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2011 - 2012 ($MILLION)TABLE 86 TAMURA CORP: OVERALL REVENUE, 2011 - 2012 ($MILLION)TABLE 87 TAMURA CORP: MARKET REVENUE, BY PRODUCT SEGMENTS, 2011 - 2012 ($MILLION)TABLE 88 TAMURA CORP: MARKET REVENUE, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2011 - 2012 ($MILLION)TABLE 89 UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC.: MARKET REVENUE, 2010 - 2011 ($MILLION)TABLE 90 UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC.: MARKET REVENUE, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2010 - 2011 ($MILLION)

LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE 1 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATIONFIGURE 2 MARKET SEGMENTATION OF VLC & FSO TECHNOLOGYFIGURE 3 MARKET SEGMENTATION OF VLC TRANSMITTERFIGURE 4 VLC CHARACTERISTICSFIGURE 5 OPTICAL WIRELESS COMMUNICATION EVOLUTIONFIGURE 6 IMPACT ANALYSIS OF DRIVERSFIGURE 7 TECHNICAL EVALUATION OF LEDFIGURE 8 IMPACT ANALYSIS OF RESTRAINTSFIGURE 9 GLOBAL LED REVENUE, 2010 - 2018 ($BILLION)FIGURE 10 APPLICATIONS MAPPING OF VLC TECHNOLOGYFIGURE 11 IOT ENVIRONMENTFIGURE 12 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF WSNFIGURE 13 VLC PENETRATION IN FUTUREFIGURE 14 INCREASING MOBILE DATA TRAFFICFIGURE 15 VLC APPLICATIONS LIFE CYCLEFIGURE 16 PORTER'S FIVE FORCE MODELFIGURE 17 RONJA DEVICE OUTLOOKFIGURE 18 FREQUENCY SPECTRUM OF VLC AND LI-FIFIGURE 19 WORKING OF VLC/LI-FI TECHNOLOGYFIGURE 20 DATA FLOW PROCESSFIGURE 21 FSO COMMUNICATION NETWORKFIGURE 22 FSO MARKET SEGMENTATIONFIGURE 23 FSO ENTERPRISE CONNECTIVITYFIGURE 24 FSO: NETWORK FOR HEALTHCAREFIGURE 25 EVOLUTION OF LEDFIGURE 26 DIODE WORKING PRINCIPLEFIGURE 27 INDOOR LED APPLICATION IN VLCFIGURE 28 OPTO-COUPLER WORKING PRINCIPLEFIGURE 29 PERCENTAGE SHARE OF VLC APPLICATIONS, 2013-2018FIGURE 30 ARCHITECTURE OF ADVANCED TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT SYSTEMFIGURE 31 FLOW OF INFORMATION IN ADVANCED PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMFIGURE 32 GLOBAL IFE HARDWARE EXPENSES, 2012-2018 ($BILLION)FIGURE 33 INFORMATION FLOW IN UNDERWATER COMMUNICATIONFIGURE 34 LBA ECOSYSTEMFIGURE 35 PERCENTAGE SHARE OF VLC MARKET, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2013 & 2018FIGURE 36 PANASONIC CORP: BUSINESS SEGMENTS

To order this report:: Visible Light Communication (VLC)/Li-Fi Technology & Free Space Optics (FSO) Market (2013-2018) – By Component (LED, Image Sensor, Opto-couplers), Application (Indoor Networking, Underwater Communication, Location Based Service, ITS) & Geography

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It’s conference season and, as you might expect, Jason and I have been on the road covering a bunch of them. It’s always great to see what the disruptive players in the market are doing — and this year did not disappoint. But there is one thing that repeatedly happens that just gets under my skin: transformation-washing. As Jason explained in a Forbes article over a year ago, ‘washing’ is when a vendor (or pundit) applies a buzzword loosely in an overt attempt to attach themselves to its buzz. ...
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In a recent survey, Sumo Logic surveyed 1,500 customers who employ cloud services such as Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP). According to the survey, a quarter of the respondents have already deployed Docker containers and nearly as many (23 percent) are employing the AWS Lambda serverless computing framework. It’s clear: serverless is here to stay. The adoption does come with some needed changes, within both application development and operations. Tha...
Widespread fragmentation is stalling the growth of the IIoT and making it difficult for partners to work together. The number of software platforms, apps, hardware and connectivity standards is creating paralysis among businesses that are afraid of being locked into a solution. EdgeX Foundry is unifying the community around a common IoT edge framework and an ecosystem of interoperable components.